The services explained below deal with methods that are used in a broad context of sustainability.

Please have a look into the "Links" section of this site where most policy instruments are referenced which employ a life cycle perspective (IPP, Thematic Strategies on Resources etc.). In the following you may find links to services offered in a number of these topics:

Emission trading

... is market-based approach that makes it possible for organizations or countries to buy and sell greenhouse gas emission reductions. Part of e.g. the Kyoto Protocol.

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading Scheme

... is based on Directive 2003/87/EC. The scheme provides that major emitters of CO2 are allocated tradable allowances by Member States. The Member States develop a national allocation plan that sets the basis for allocation to trading sectors as a whole and to individual installations. Allowances traded in the EU ETS will be held in accounts in electronic registries set up by Member States.

Joint implementation (JI)

A concept in which a developed country is involved in emissions projects that result in a real, measurable and long-term reduction in net greenhouse gas emissions in a developing country. Part of e.g. the Kyoto Protocol allowances by Member States.

Clean development mechanism (CDM)

... is mechanism in the Kyoto Protocol that makes it possible for developed and developing countries to perform joint environmental projects in the developing country financed by developed countries. The resulting emission reduction can the be credited the developed country.

Green (public) procurement (GPP)

A procurement process, which takes into account environmental elements when buying products and services.

Supply chain management

... includes the management of physical goods and associated information. Setting requirements for these goods and information can be supportive for the environmental performance products and product strategies.

Life cycle based environmental risk analysis

Integrated Life-Cycle and Risk Assessment for e.g. industrial activities covers the use of life-cycle assessment, risk assessment, and a combined framework of the two in the estimation of environmental damage, providing explanations of methods and descriptions of practical applications in the environmental analysis of industrial processes.

Material flow analysis (MFA)

... assesses the efficiency of use of materials using information from material flow accounting. Material flow analysis helps to identify waste of natural resources and other materials in the economy which would otherwise go unnoticed in conventional economic monitoring systems. MFA contributes information to the development of policy indicators on the life cycle impact on the environment.

Capacity building

Improve and build up the technical and managerial skills and resources in your organisation regarding life cycle thinking, LCA studies, sustainability etc.

Eco-efficiency studies

By choosing the method for production, service, disposal or recovery that makes most ecological and economic sense you ensure optimum conservation of resources, minimum emissions and waste and low overall costs. This is essential when planning strategies at a societal level.

Social and work environment analysis (LCWE)

... includes social working environment issues such as human working time, qualifications, workers health, accidents, child work etc. in LCA by means of quantitative indicators.

Life cycle sustainability (LCS)

Taking jointly into account the economic, social, and environmental aspects throughout the whole life of products or technologies you improve the sustainable performance of your product or technological strategies, also implying e.g. strategies for waste handling.

Life cycle risk analysis

Method of evaluating the probability of adverse effects of a substance, industrial process, technology or natural process from a life cycle perspective.